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Liguria

 

Contents

Flag

historical Flag

Meaning/Origin of the Flag

Map of the regions of Italy

Numbers and Facts

History

Origin of the Country's Name



Flag

Flagge Fahne flag Italien Italy Region Ligurien Ligurie Liguria Genua Genova Republik Genua Republic of Genova Ligurische Republik Ligurian Republic
Flag of Liguria,
ratio = 2:3,
Source, by: Wikipedia (D)



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historical Flag

Flagge Fahne flag Italien Italy Region Ligurien Ligurie Liguria Genua Genova Republik Genua Republic of Genova Ligurische Republik Ligurian Republic
13th cent.–1797, Flag of the Republic of Genoa,
1797–1805, Flag of the Ligurian Republic,
Source, by: World Statesmen, Wikipedia (D)



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Meaning/Origin of the Flag

The flag of the in 1947 founded region of Liguria, shows three vertical stripes in green, red and blue. In the middle of the red field appears the emblem of the region: a stylized, silvery caravel with a large white sail, on it a big red cross and four silvery stars. The red cross goes back to the City and Republic of Genoa. Whose flag was from the ancient times a white flag with the red Cross of Saint George (George Cross). In the Napoleonic era, even as Ligurian Republic, this flag was retained. The four stars represent the four provinces of the region: Imperia, Savona, Genoa and La Spezia.

Source: Wikipedia (D), Volker Preuß

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Map of the regions of Italy

all names in Italian
interaktive Landkarte
Source: Volker Preuß

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Numbers and Facts

Area: 2.091 square miles

Inhabitants: 1.543.000 (2019)

Density of Population: 737 inh./sq.mi.

Capital: Genoa (ital.: Gènova), 835.800 inh. (2019)

Languages: Italian

Time Zone: GMT + 1

Source: Wikipedia (D)

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History

antiquity · settlement by the Ligurians, foundation of the town of Genoa by Ligurians, Celts and Greeks

since 2nd cent. B.C. · Roman conquest, Liguria comes to the Province of Italia

ca. 400 · conquest by the Eastern Goth

476 · dismissal of the last Roman emperor Romulus Augustulus, end of the (West)Roman Empire

535 · conquest by Byzantium (East Rome)

568/569 · the Langobardes conquest Liguria and incorporate it into their empire

774 · conquest by the Franks, incorporation of Liguria into the Frankish Empire of the Carolingians

843 · at the division of the Frankish Empire comes Liguria to the Kingdom of Italy

888 · after the extinction of the Carolingians the Region disintegrates into small states, frequently Sarazenic onslaughts, general decay

961 · Otto I. brings Liguria to the German Kingdom

1099 · nascence of the Republic of Genoa within the Roman-German Empire in the today's Liguria

1132 · Genoa purchases the north of Corsica Island, Pisa purchases the south

1284 · Genoa destroys the fleet of Pisa, and conquests the south of Corsica Island and enlarges it's influence essentially in the region, emergence of the conflict with Venice

1353 · the regency of the Republic of Genoa gets handed over to the the French king

1381 · Genoa succumbs Venice, end of the fights

1528 · Andrea Doria (Admiral of Emperor Carl V.) sets the republic under the protectorate of the Roman-German Emperor

1729 · outbreak of anti-Genoese riotings in Corsica

1768 · Genoa sells Corsica to France

1797 · after the conquest by French troops the Ligurian Republic gets proclaimed on the territory of the Republic of Genoa (Napolèonic satellite state)

1805 · annexation of the Ligurian Republic by the Napolèonic France

1814 · the Republic of Genoa gets restored

1815 · Vienna Congress, the Republic of Genoa expires ultimately and gets incorporated into the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont

1861 · King Vittorio Emanuele of Sardinia-Piedmont proclaims the Kingdom of Italy

1947 · establish of the region of Liguria as administratiive unit on the territory of the former Republic of Genoa

Source: Atlas zur Geschichte, Wikipedia (D), World Statesmen

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Origin of the Country's Name

The name "Liguria" has its roots in the tribe of the Ligurians, which settled here in the antiquity. The word is of Latin origin and comes from "ligere" what means "merge" or "connect", and refers possibly to the geographic location of the Ligurians as a link on the approach of the Italian Peninsula on the European mainland.

Source: Handbuch der geographischen Namen

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